|Re: Cohousing in Land Use Code||<– Date –> <– Thread –>|
|From: R Philip Dowds (rpdowdscomcast.net)|
|Date: Mon, 31 Oct 2011 11:26:10 -0700 (PDT)|
Zoning ordinances and bylaws tend to be local, hand-crafted, and idiosyncratic. The one use, occupancy and construction type likely to be allowed almost everywhere is the free-standing, single-family home on the one acre lot. Row houses are popular variant, but they are just single family homes standing shoulder to shoulder. After that, many or most communities are deeply wary of alternative housing forms like ... "MULTI-FAMILY", which historically has meant "apartments", which in turn means tenants, not owners. Condominium forms of ownership, of course, have greatly changed the multi-family picture — except that zoning controls construction, not ownership models. So if it walks and quacks like an apartment building, then maybe it IS an apartment building. With some difficulty over the last decade or so, a new residential type has squeezed into local zoning, namely, "assisted living", or small apartments with services for the elderly. Communities that fear apartments can be nonetheless convinced to allow a multi-family project that will not add cars to the streets or kids to the schools. Assisted living fits the bill. For the time being, zoning knows from nothing about cohousing. Near as most folks can tell, it's just one more apartment building ... unless it is perhaps in the form of ... "PLANNED UNIT" OR "CLUSTER" DEVELOPMENT. This is where a bunch of single family homes clump together — maybe even as row houses or duplexes — in a small portion of a large parcel, leaving the rest for agriculture, recreation, habitat, whatever. The ownership model is that of a long-term lease on commonly owned land. For some Americans, this pattern is a little too Euro, but cluster development has its advocates and practitioners around the country anyway. Obviously, a cluster development might, or might not, have some or all of the features of cohousing. Again, zoning is ignorant of this. So, if you're looking for a socio-architectonic model other than the single family home, you may have to take on the local multi-family battle. There is no evidence that zoning will change anytime soon to grant formal recognition of, or support for, cohousing per se. R Philip Dowds AIA Cornerstone Cohousing Cambridge, MA On Oct 31, 2011, at 1:21 PM, luk jonckheere wrote: > > Hello, > > Cottage Housing and Cohousing have things in common, > check : http://pocket-neighborhoods.net/codes.html > one page about 'cottage housing' building codes, > from a very interesting and well illustrated website by Ross Chapin about > livable neighborhoods. > > kind regards, > Luk Jonckheere > 'Cohousing La Grande Cense' > Clabecq (Belgium) > L.Jonckheere [at] scarlet.be > > > > ----- Original Message ----- >> From: Melanie Mindlin <sassetta [at] mind.net> >> Subject: [C-L]_ Cohousing in Land Use Code >> To: cohousing-l [at] cohousing.org >> >> I wonder if any of you know about local land-use code that addresses >> pedestrian-accessed housing? >> Thanks, >> Melanie Mindlin >> >> ------------------------------ > > _________________________________________________________________ > Cohousing-L mailing list -- Unsubscribe, archives and other info at: > http://www.cohousing.org/cohousing-L/ > >
- Cohousing in Land Use Code Melanie Mindlin, October 30 2011
Results generated by Tiger Technologies Web hosting using MHonArc.